October 26, 2014

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April 14th In History: It Happened Today.

Human Genome Project

Human Genome Project

The following is your daily snapshot of what happened on this day in history: April 14th. The history of this day is marked by the completion of the Human Genome Project on April 14, 2003, with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%. Also on this day, April 14, 1865, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.

BORN APRIL 14TH:
April 14, 1336 – Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
April 14, 1572 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)


April 14, 1578 – King Philip III of Spain (d. 1621)
April 14, 1629 – Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician (d. 1695)
April 14, 1668 – Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
April 14, 1714 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
April 14, 1738 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1809)
April 14, 1741 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
April 14, 1773 – Jean-Baptiste de Villèle, French statesman (d. 1854)
April 14, 1788 – David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
April 14, 1800 – John George Appold, fur dyer and engineer (d. 1865)
April 14, 1818 – Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
April 14, 1827 – Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
April 14, 1857 – Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, Youngest daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Prince Consort (d. 1944)
April 14, 1866 – Anne Sullivan, Helen Keller’s teacher (d. 1936)
April 14, 1868 – Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
April 14, 1870 – Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
April 14, 1870 – Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (d. 1929)
April 14, 1872 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
April 14, 1881 – Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer (d. 1948)
April 14, 1882 – Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
April 14, 1886 – Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (d. 1956)
April 14, 1891 – B. R. Ambedkar, Indian jurist (d. 1956)
April 14, 1892 – Vere Gordon Childe, Australian philologist (d. 1957)
April 14, 1897 – Claire Windsor, American actress (d. 1972)
April 14, 1902 – Sylvio Mantha, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1974)
April 14, 1903 – Henry Corbin, French philosopher and iranologist (d. 1978)
April 14, 1904 – Sir John Gielgud, English actor (d. 2000)
April 14, 1905 – Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
April 14, 1907 – François “Papa Doc” Duvalier, Haitian dictator (d. 1971)
April 14, 1917 – Marvin Miller, American labor activist
April 14, 1917 – Valerie Hobson, British actress (d. 1998)
April 14, 1918 – Mary Healy, American actress
April 14, 1921 – Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel laureate
April 14, 1923 – Roberto DeVicenzo, Argentine golfer
April 14, 1924 – Shorty Rogers, American jazz musician (d. 1994)
April 14, 1925 – Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1974)
April 14, 1925 – Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (d. 2010)
April 14, 1925 – Rod Steiger, American actor (d. 2002)
April 14, 1926 – Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
April 14, 1926 – Liz Renay, American actress (d. 2007)
April 14, 1927 – Alan MacDiarmid, New Zealand chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2007)
April 14, 1927 – Dany Robin, French actress (d. 1995)
April 14, 1928 – Ezra Fleischer, Romanian dissident, later Israeli writer (d. 2006)
April 14, 1929 – Gerry Anderson, English television producer
April 14, 1930 – René Desmaison, French mountaineer (d. 2007)
April 14, 1930 – Bradford Dillman, American actor


April 14, 1931 – Paul Masnick, Canadian ice hockey player
April 14, 1932 – Bob Grant, English actor (d. 2003)
April 14, 1932 – Loretta Lynn, American country musician/singer
April 14, 1934 – Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist
April 14, 1935 – Erich von Däniken, Swiss writer
April 14, 1936 – Kenneth Mars, American actor (d. 2011)
April 14, 1936 – Frank Serpico, American policeman
April 14, 1936 – Bobby Nichols, American professional golfer
April 14, 1941 – Julie Christie, British actress
April 14, 1941 – Pete Rose, American baseball player
April 14, 1942 – Valentin Lebedev, Russian cosmonaut
April 14, 1942 – Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
April 14, 1944 – John Sergeant, British journalist
April 14, 1945 – Ritchie Blackmore, English guitarist (Deep Purple)
April 14, 1945 – Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
April 14, 1948 – Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
April 14, 1949 – DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
April 14, 1949 – Chris Langham, British actor, writer, producer, director
April 14, 1949 – John Shea, American actor
April 14, 1950 – Francis Collins, American scientist, director of National Health Institutes
April 14, 1950 – Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer
April 14, 1951 – Julian Lloyd Webber, English cellist
April 14, 1952 – Mickey O’Sullivan, Irish sportsman
April 14, 1953 – David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
April 14, 1954 – Bruce Sterling, American science fiction author
April 14, 1957 – Lothaire Bluteau, Canadian actor
April 14, 1957 – Richard Jeni, American comedian (d. 2007)
April 14, 1957 – Mikhail Pletnev, Russian pianist, conductor and composer
April 14, 1958 – Peter Capaldi, Scottish actor and director
April 14, 1958 – John D’Aquino, American actor
April 14, 1960 – Brad Garrett, American actor
April 14, 1961 – Robert Carlyle, British actor
April 14, 1961 – Daniel Clowes, American cartoonist and screenwriter
April 14, 1962 – Scott Boman, Michigan politician
April 14, 1962 – Packy, a famous elephant
April 14, 1964 – Greg Battle, Canadian football player
April 14, 1964 – Gina McKee, British actress
April 14, 1965 – Tom Dey, American film director
April 14, 1965 – Kirk Windstein, American guitarist (Crowbar, Down)
April 14, 1966 – David Justice, American baseball player
April 14, 1966 – André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
April 14, 1967 – Barrett Martin, American drummer and composer
April 14, 1967 – Nicola Berti, Italian footballer
April 14, 1967 – Alain Côté, French Canadian ice hockey player
April 14, 1968 – Anthony Michael Hall, American actor
April 14, 1969 – Brad Ausmus, American baseball player
April 14, 1969 – Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
April 14, 1969 – Martyn LeNoble, Dutch musician
April 14, 1969 – Mark Macon, American basketball player
April 14, 1970 – Shizuka Kudō, Japanese singer
April 14, 1970 – Emre Altuğ, Turkish singer
April 14, 1971 – Miguel Calero, Colombian footballer
April 14, 1971 – Peter Gibson, American writer
April 14, 1971 – Gregg Zaun, American baseball player
April 14, 1972 – Paul Devlin, England-born Scottish footballer
April 14, 1972 – Roberto Mejia, Dominican baseball player
April 14, 1973 – Roberto Ayala, Argentine footballer
April 14, 1973 – Adrien Brody, American actor
April 14, 1973 – David Miller, American tenor (Il Divo)
April 14, 1974 – Shawntae Harris, American rapper
April 14, 1975 – Amy Dumas, American professional wrestler
April 14, 1975 – Avner Dorman, Israeli composer
April 14, 1975 – Konstantinos Nebegleras, Greek footballer
April 14, 1975 – Anderson Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
April 14, 1975 – Rajeshwari Sachdev, Indian Hindi film actress
April 14, 1976 – Anna DeForge, American basketball player
April 14, 1976 – Jason Wiemer, Canadian ice hockey player
April 14, 1976 – Kyle Farnsworth, American baseball player
April 14, 1976 – Christian Älvestam, Swedish musician (Scar Symmetry)
April 14, 1977 – Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress
April 14, 1977 – Chandra Levy, American intern (d. 2001)
April 14, 1977 – Rob McElhenney, American actor
April 14, 1978 – Paul O’Brien, Australian actor
April 14, 1979 – Rebecca DiPietro, American model
April 14, 1979 – Marios Elia, Greek-Cypriot footballer
April 14, 1979 – Noé Pamarot, French footballer
April 14, 1979 – Ross Filipo, New Zealand All Black rugby player
April 14, 1980 – Win Butler, American/Canadian musician (Arcade Fire)
April 14, 1980 – Kieran Mahon, British musician (The Cooper Temple Clause)
April 14, 1981 – Mustafa Güngör, German rugby player
April 14, 1981 – Amy Leach, British theatre director
April 14, 1983 – James McFadden, Scottish footballer
April 14, 1983 – William Yaw Obeng, Arena football lineman
April 14, 1983 – Nikoloz Tskitishvili, Georgian basketball player
April 14, 1984 – Blake Costanzo, American football player
April 14, 1984 – Charles Hamelin, Canadian short track speed skater
April 14, 1984 – Adán Sánchez, Mexican-American singer (d. 2004)
April 14, 1984 – Tyler Thigpen, American football player
April 14, 1986 – Matt Derbyshire, English footballer
April 14, 1986 – Anne Watanabe, Japanese model
April 14, 1986 – Todd Gilles, American ice dancer
April 14, 1987 – Erwin Hoffer, Austrian footballer
April 14, 1988 – Vasileios Pliatsikas, Greek footballer
April 14, 1989 – Joe Haden, American football player
April 14, 1993 – Vivien Cardone, American actress
April 14, 1993 – Graham Phillips, American actor
April 14, 1996 – Abigail Breslin, American actress

DIED APRIL 14TH:
April 14, 1132 – Mstislav I of Kiev (b. 1076)
April 14, 1279 – Bolesław the Pious
April 14, 1322 – Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
April 14, 1345 – Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
April 14, 1471 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, English kingmaker (b. 1428)
April 14, 1574 – Louis of Nassau, Dutch general (killed in battle) (b. 1538)
April 14, 1578 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary, Queen of Scots
April 14, 1599 – Henry Wallop, English statesman
April 14, 1662 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
April 14, 1682 – Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (b. 1621) (April 1 O.S.)
April 14, 1716 – Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
April 14, 1721 – Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
April 14, 1759 – George Frideric Handel, German composer (b. 1685)
April 14, 1785 – William Whitehead, English writer (b. 1715)
April 14, 1792 – Maximilian Hell, Hungarian astronomer (b. 1720)
April 14, 1864 – Charles Lot Church, Nova Scotia politician (b. 1777)
April 14, 1910 – Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
April 14, 1911 – Addie Joss, American baseball player (b. 1880)
April 14, 1911 – Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
April 14, 1912 – Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
April 14, 1914 – Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
April 14, 1917 – Ludovich Lazarus Zamenhof, Polish creator of Esperanto (b. 1859)
April 14, 1925 – John Singer Sargent, American artist (b. 1856)
April 14, 1930 – Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian writer (b. 1893)
April 14, 1935 – Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
April 14, 1941 – Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (b. 1871)
April 14, 1950 – Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
April 14, 1963 – Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan, Indian historian, (b. 1893)
April 14, 1964 – Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (b. 1876)
April 14, 1964 – Rachel Carson, American author and environmentalist (b. 1907)
April 14, 1965 – Dick Hickock (b. 1933) and Perry Smith (b. 1928) American murderers
April 14, 1968 – Al Benton, American baseball player (b. 1911)
April 14, 1975 – Günther Dyhrenfurth, Swiss mountaineer, geologist and Himalayan explorer (b. 1886)
April 14, 1975 – Fredric March, American actor (b. 1897)
April 14, 1976 – José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
April 14, 1983 – Pete Farndon, English bassist (The Pretenders) (b. 1952)
April 14, 1984 – Dionisis Papagiannopoulos, Greek actor (b. 1912)
April 14, 1985 – Noele Gordon, English actress (b. 1919
April 14, 1986 – Simone de Beauvoir, French feminist writer (b. 1908)
April 14, 1990 – Thurston Harris, American singer (b. 1931)
April 14, 1994 – Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
April 14, 1995 – Burl Ives, American singer and actor (b. 1909)
April 14, 1999 – Ellen Corby, American actress (b. 1911)
April 14, 1999 – Anthony Newley, British actor and singer (b. 1931)
April 14, 2000 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player (b. 1910)
April 14, 2000 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)
April 14, 2000 – Wilf Mannion, English footballer (b. 1918)
April 14, 2001 – Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)
April 14, 2001 – Jim Baxter, Scottish footballer (b. 1939)
April 14, 2004 – Micheline Charest, French Canadian television producer (b. 1953)
April 14, 2006 – Mahmut Bakalli, Kosovo politician (b. 1936)
April 14, 2007 – June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author and social activist (b. 1924)
April 14, 2007 – Don Ho, American musician (b. 1930)
April 14, 2008 – Tommy Holmes, American baseball player (b. 1918)
April 14, 2008 – Ollie Johnston, the last living member of Disney’s Nine Old Men. (b. 1912)
April 14, 2008 – Miguel Galvan, Mexican actor/comedian. (b. 1957)
April 14, 2010 – Peter Steele, American musician. (b. 1962)

APRIL 14TH MEMORABLE EVENTS:
April 14, 43 BC – Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar’s assassin Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is wounded.
April 14, 69 – Vitellius, commander of the Rhine armies, defeats Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum and seizes the throne.
April 14, 70 – Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, surrounds the Jewish capital, with four Roman legions.
April 14, 966 – Christianisation of Poland
April 14, 1028 – Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected king of the Germans.
April 14, 1205 – Battle of Adrianople between Bulgarians and Crusaders.
April 14, 1294 – Temür, grandson of Kublai, is elected Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty with the reigning titles Oljeitu and Chengzong.
April 14, 1341 – Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
April 14, 1434 – The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid.
April 14, 1471 – In England, the Yorkists under Edward IV defeat the Lancastrians under the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Barnet; the Earl is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne.
April 14, 1699 – Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar.
April 14, 1775 – The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
April 14, 1828 – Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary.
April 14, 1846 – The Donner Party of pioneers departs Springfield, Illinois, for California, on what will become a year-long journey of hardship, cannibalism, and survival.
April 14, 1849 – Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Lajos Kossuth as its leader.
April 14, 1860 – The first Pony Express rider reaches Sacramento, California.
April 14, 1864 – Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement.
April 14, 1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth.
April 14, 1865 – U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
April 14, 1881 – The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight is fought in El Paso, Texas.
April 14, 1890 – The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington, D.C.
April 14, 1894 – The first ever commercial motion picture house opened in New York City using ten Kinetoscopes, a device for peep-show viewing of films.
April 14, 1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic at 11:40pm. The ship sinks the following morning with the loss of 1,517 lives.
April 14, 1927 – The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.
April 14, 1931 – Spanish Cortes depose King Alfonso XIII and proclaims the 2nd Spanish Republic.
April 14, 1935 – “Black Sunday Storm”, the worst dust storm of the U.S. Dust Bowl.
April 14, 1939 – The Grapes of Wrath, by American author John Steinbeck is first published by the Viking Press.
April 14, 1940 – World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway in preparation for a larger force to arrive two days later.
April 14, 1941 – World War II: The Ustashe, a Croatian far-right organization is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers after the Axis Operation 25 invasion. Rommel attacks Tobruk.
April 14, 1944 – Bombay Explosion: A massive explosion in Bombay harbor kills 300 and causes economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds.
April 14, 1945 – Osijek, Croatia, is liberated from fascist occupation.
April 14, 1956 – In Chicago, Illinois, videotape is first demonstrated.
April 14, 1958 – The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days.
April 14, 1969 – At the U.S. Academy Awards there is a tie for the Academy Award for Best Actress between Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand.
April 14, 1978 – 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: Thousands of Georgians demonstrate against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language.
April 14, 1981 – Genius Christopher Michael Bonacci was born to Louis Paul Bonacci, Jr. and Barbara Jean Bonacci in Lawrence Hospital in the small village of Bronxville, New York.
April 14, 1981 – STS-1 – The first operational space shuttle, Columbia (OV-102) completes its first test flight.
April 14, 1986 – In retaliation for the April 5 bombing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. servicemen, U.S. president Ronald Reagan orders major bombing raids against Libya, killing 60 people.
April 14, 1986 – 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) hailstones fall on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92. These are the heaviest hailstones ever recorded.
April 14, 1988 – The USS Samuel B. Roberts strikes a mine in the Persian Gulf during Operation Earnest Will.
April 14, 1988 – In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signs an agreement pledging to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
April 14, 1994 – In a U.S. friendly fire incident during Operation Provide Comfort in northern Iraq, two United States Air Force aircraft mistakenly shoot-down two United States Army helicopters, killing 26 people.
April 14, 1999 – NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees – Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
April 14, 1999 – A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$2.3 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.
April 14, 2002 – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country’s military.
April 14, 2003 – The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%.
April 14, 2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner the MS Achille Lauro in 1985.
April 14, 2005 – The Oregon Supreme Court nullifies marriage licenses issued to gay couples a year earlier by Multnomah County.
April 14, 2007 – At least 200,000 demonstrators in Ankara, Turkey protest against the possible candidacy of incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

MEMORABLE QUOTE:

“Government always finds a need for whatever money it gets.” (Ronald Reagan)

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