December 18, 2014

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April 17th In History: It Happened Today.

Remembering Benjamin Franklin

Remembering Benjamin Franklin

The following is your daily snapshot of what happened on this day in history: April 17th. This day in history was marked by the death of Benjamin Franklin on April 17, 1790.


BORN APRIL 17TH:
April 17, 1278 – Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1320)
April 17, 1573 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1651)
April 17, 1586 – John Ford, English dramatist
April 17, 1598 – Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (d. 1671)
April 17, 1620 – Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame (d. 1700)
April 17, 1622 – Henry Vaughan, Welsh poet (d. 1695)
April 17, 1710 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
April 17, 1734 – Taksin, King of Thailand (d. 1782)
April 17, 1741 – Samuel Chase, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1811)
April 17, 1750 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
April 17, 1794 – Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (d. 1868)
April 17, 1798 – Étienne Bobillier, French mathematician (d. 1840)
April 17, 1814 – Josif Pančić, Serbian botanist (d. 1888)
April 17, 1816 – Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (d. 1876)
April 17, 1820 – Alexander Joy Cartwright, Inventor of the Modern Game of Baseball (d. 1892)
April 17, 1833 – Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (d. 1900)
April 17, 1837 – J. P. Morgan, American financier (d. 1913)
April 17, 1842 – Maurice Rouvier, French statesman (d. 1911)
April 17, 1849 – William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1923)
April 17, 1863 – Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
April 17, 1865 – Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
April 17, 1866 – Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)
April 17, 1877 – Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat (d. 1949)
April 17, 1878 – Emil Fuchs, German-born American attorney and baseball owner (d. 1961)
April 17, 1882 – Artur Schnabel, Polish pianist (d. 1951)
April 17, 1884 – Leo Frank, American victim of lynching (d. 1915)
April 17, 1885 – Karen Blixen (Isak Dinesen), Danish author (d. 1962)
April 17, 1890 – Art Acord, American actor and rodeo rider (d. 1931)
April 17, 1891 – George Adamski, Polish-American author and ufologist (d. 1965)
April 17, 1896 – Señor Wences, Spanish ventriloquist (d. 1999)
April 17, 1897 – Thornton Wilder, American dramatist (d. 1975)
April 17, 1902 – Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican politician (d. 1974)
April 17, 1903 – Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
April 17, 1903 – Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
April 17, 1905 – Arthur Lake, American actor (d. 1987)
April 17, 1906 – Sidney R. Garfield, American physician (d. 1984)
April 17, 1909 – Alain Poher, French politician (d. 1996)
April 17, 1910 – Evangelos Averoff, Greek politician (d. 1990)
April 17, 1910 – Ivan Goff, Australian screenwriter (d. 1999)
April 17, 1911 – Lester Rodney, American journalist (d. 2009)
April 17, 1912 – Marta Eggerth, Hungarian-born actress and singer, naturalized citizen of the United States
April 17, 1914 – George W. Davis, American art director (d. 1984)
April 17, 1915 – Joe Foss, United States Marine and politician (d. 2003)
April 17, 1915 – Martin Clemens, Scottish guerilla fighter (d. 2009)
April 17, 1915 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, A Sri Lankan politician and the world’s first female head of government (d. 2000)
April 17, 1916 – Helenio Herrera, French footballer player and manager (d. 1997)
April 17, 1917 – Bill Clements, American politician
April 17, 1918 – William Holden, American actor (d. 1981)
April 17, 1919 – Gilles Lamontagne, French Canadian politician
April 17, 1919 – Chavela Vargas, Costa Rican-Mexican singer
April 17, 1923 – Lindsay Anderson, English film director (d. 1994)
April 17, 1923 – Harry Reasoner, American journalist (d. 1991)
April 17, 1923 – Solly Hemus, American baseball player
April 17, 1925 – Erich Göstl, German War Hero (d. 1990)
April 17, 1926 – Gerry McNeil, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2004)
April 17, 1928 – Cynthia Ozick, American writer
April 17, 1929 – James Last, German band leader
April 17, 1929 – Peggy McKercher, 11th Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan)
April 17, 1929 – Michael Forest, American actor
April 17, 1930 – Chris Barber, British jazz band leader
April 17, 1934 – Don Kirshner, American composer (d. 2011)
April 17, 1937 – Ferdinand Piëch, Austrian-German automotive engineer and executive
April 17, 1938 – Ben Barnes, American politician
April 17, 1938 – Kerry Wendell Thornley, co-founder of Discordianism
April 17, 1940 – Billy Fury, British singer (d. 1983)
April 17, 1940 – John McCririck, English television horse racing pundit
April 17, 1940 – Anja Silja, German soprano
April 17, 1942 – David Bradley, British actor
April 17, 1942 – Kenas Aroi, Nauruan politician
April 17, 1947 – Linda Martin, Irish singer
April 17, 1947 – Tsutomu Wakamatsu, Japanese baseball player
April 17, 1948 – Jan Hammer, Czech composer
April 17, 1950 – L. Scott Caldwell, American actress
April 17, 1950 – Bruce McNall, American former NHL team owner
April 17, 1951 – Olivia Hussey, Argentine-born actress
April 17, 1951 – Börje Salming, Swedish ice hockey player


April 17, 1952 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian warlord (d. 2000)
April 17, 1954 – Riccardo Patrese, Italian race car driver
April 17, 1954 – Rowdy Roddy Piper, Canadian professional wrestler
April 17, 1954 – Michael Sembello, American musician
April 17, 1954 – Lester Square, Canadian musician
April 17, 1955 – Pete Shelley, British musician
April 17, 1957 – Nick Hornby, English author
April 17, 1957 – Susan Roman, Canadian voice actress
April 17, 1959 – Sean Bean, English actor
April 17, 1961 – Boomer Esiason, American football player and commentator
April 17, 1961 – Frank J. Christensen, American labor leader
April 17, 1963 – Joel Murray, American actor
April 17, 1964 – Maynard James Keenan, American singer (Tool and A Perfect Circle)
April 17, 1964 – Ken Daneyko, Canadian ice hockey player
April 17, 1964 – Lela Rochon, American actress
April 17, 1965 – William Mapother, American actor
April 17, 1965 – Yoshiki Kuroda, Japanese urban planner
April 17, 1966 – Vikram, Indian actor
April 17, 1967 – Marquis Grissom, American baseball player
April 17, 1967 – Henry Ian Cusick, Peruvian-born Scottish actor
April 17, 1967 – Kimberly Elise, American actress
April 17, 1967 – Timothy Gibbs, American actor
April 17, 1967 – Liz Phair, American musician/songwriter
April 17, 1967 – Leslie Bega, American actress
April 17, 1968 – Prince Maurits of the Netherlands
April 17, 1970 – Redman, American rapper
April 17, 1972 – Gary Bennett, American baseball player
April 17, 1972 – Tony Boselli, American football player
April 17, 1972 – Jennifer Garner, American actress
April 17, 1972 – Muttiah Muralitharan, Sri Lankan cricketer
April 17, 1972 – Jarkko Wiss, Finnish Footballer
April 17, 1972 – Terran Sandwith, Canadian ice hockey player
April 17, 1972 – Claire Sweeney, English actress
April 17, 1973 – Brett Maher, Australian basketballer
April 17, 1973 – Theo Ratliff, American basketball player
April 17, 1973 – Kaihō Ryōji, Japanese sumo wrestler
April 17, 1974 – Victoria Beckham, English singer (Spice Girls)
April 17, 1974 – Mikael Åkerfeldt, Swedish guitarist and singer (Opeth)
April 17, 1975 – Gabriel Soto, Mexican actor
April 17, 1975 – Travis Roy, American hockey player
April 17, 1976 – Monet Mazur, American actress and musician
April 17, 1976 – Alex Nesic, American actor
April 17, 1976 – Aňa Geislerová, Czech actress
April 17, 1977 – Chad Hedrick, American speed skater
April 17, 1977 – Sizzla, Jamaican dancehall artist
April 17, 1977 – Phil Jamieson, Australian singer (Grinspoon)
April 17, 1978 – Lindsay Hartley, American actress
April 17, 1978 – Loukas Louka, Greek-Cypriot footballer
April 17, 1978 – Jason White, Scottish rugby player
April 17, 1979 – Eric Brewer, Canadian ice hockey player
April 17, 1979 – Siddharth Narayan, Indian actor
April 17, 1980 – Curtis Woodhouse, English footballer/boxer
April 17, 1980 – Lee Hyun-il, South Korean badminton player
April 17, 1980 – Nicholas D’Agosto, American television and film actor
April 17, 1981 – Wayne Lydon, American baseball player
April 17, 1981 – Hanna Pakarinen, Finnish singer
April 17, 1981 – Ryan Raburn, American baseball player
April 17, 1982 – Lee Jun Ki, South Korean actor and model
April 17, 1982 – Brad Boyes, Canadian hockey player
April 17, 1983 – Stanislav Chistov, Russian hockey player
April 17, 1983 – Roberto Jimenez, Peruvian football player
April 17, 1983 – Andrea Marcato, Italian rugby player
April 17, 1984 – Jed Lowrie, American baseball player
April 17, 1985 – Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, French tennis player
April 17, 1990 – Jonathan Brown, Welsh footballer
April 17, 1995 – Paulie Litt, American actor
April 17, 1996 – Dee Dee Davis, American actress

DIED APRIL 17TH:
April 17, 326 – Alexander of Alexandria, Patriarch of Alexandria
April 17, 485 – Proclus, Greek philosopher (b. 412)
April 17, 617 – Donnán of Eigg, Celtic Christian martyr, patron saint of Eigg
April 17, 1080 – King Harald III of Denmark (b. 1041)
April 17, 1427 – John IV, Duke of Brabant (b. 1403)
April 17, 1539 – George, Duke of Saxony (b. 1471)
April 17, 1574 – Joachim Camerarius, German classical scholar (b. 1500)
April 17, 1680 – Kateri Tekakwitha, first American Indian to receive beatification (b. 1656)
April 17, 1695 – Sor Juana, Mexican writer
April 17, 1696 – Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, French writer (b. 1626)
April 17, 1711 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1678)
April 17, 1713 – David Hollatz, Pomeranian dogmatician (b. 1648)
April 17, 1742 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (b. 1664)
April 17, 1761 – Thomas Bayes, English mathematician
April 17, 1764 – Johann Mattheson, German composer (b. 1681)
April 17, 1790 – Benjamin Franklin, American inventor, diplomat, and printer (b. 1706)
April 17, 1799 – Richard Jupp, English architect (b. 1728)
April 17, 1843 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (b. 1762)
April 17, 1849 – Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros, Argentine statesman and priest (b. 1777)
April 17, 1873 – Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (b. 1783)
April 17, 1882 – George Jennings Sanitary engineer (b. 1810)
April 17, 1892 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1822)
April 17, 1902 – Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
April 17, 1921 – Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (b. 1860)
April 17, 1930 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (b. 1863)
April 17, 1936 – Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck, Dutch Prime Minister (b. 1873)
April 17, 1937 – Yi Sang, Korean poet (b. 1910)
April 17, 1941 – Al Bowlly, British dance band vocalist (b. 1899)
April 17, 1942 – Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
April 17, 1944 – J.T. Hearne, English cricketer (b. 1867)
April 17, 1954 – Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist (b. 1900)
April 17, 1960 – Eddie Cochran, American musician (b. 1938)
April 17, 1967 – Red Allen, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1908)
April 17, 1975 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher (b. 1888)
April 17, 1976 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
April 17, 1977 – William Conway, Northern Irish cardinal (b. 1913)
April 17, 1983 – Felix Pappalardi, American musician and recording producer (b. 1939) (Mountain)
April 17, 1984 – Claude Provost, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1933)
April 17, 1985 – Takis Miliadis, Greek actor (b. 1922)
April 17, 1987 – Cecil Harmsworth King, owner of Mirror Group Newspapers (b. 1901)
April 17, 1987 – Dick Shawn, Actor and Comedian (b. 1923)
April 17, 1988 – Louise Nevelson, American sculptor (b. 1900)
April 17, 1990 – Reverend Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights activist (b. 1936)
April 17, 1993 – Turgut Ozal, 8th president of Turkey (b. 1927)
April 17, 1994 – Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neurobiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
April 17, 1995 – Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (b. 1928)
April 17, 1996 – Piet Hein, Danish scientist and poet (b. 1905)
April 17, 1997 – Allan Francovich, American documentarian (b. 1941)
April 17, 1997 – Chaim Herzog, President of Israel (1983–1993) (b. 1918)
April 17, 1998 – Linda McCartney, American designer and photographer (b. 1941)
April 17, 2003 – Robert Atkins, American dietician (b. 1930)
April 17, 2003 – H. B. Bailey, American racing driver (b. 1936)
April 17, 2003 – Paul Getty, American-born philanthropist (b. 1932)
April 17, 2003 – Earl King, American musician and songwriter (b. 1934)
April 17, 2003 – Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon (b. 1910)
April 17, 2004 – Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (b. 1908)
April 17, 2004 – Soundarya, Indian actress (b. 1971)
April 17, 2006 – Scott Brazil, American television producer and director. (b. 1955)
April 17, 2007 – Kitty Carlisle, American actress and television personality (b. 1910)
April 17, 2007 – Gil Dobrică, Romanian singer (b. 1946)
April 17, 2008 – Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (b. 1913)
April 17, 2008 – Danny Federici, American organ player (E-Street Band) (b. 1950)

APRIL 17TH MEMORABLE EVENTS:
April 17, 69 – After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor.
April 17, 1397 – Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II. Chaucer scholars have also identified this date (in 1387) the start of the book’s pilgrimage to Canterbury.
April 17, 1492 – Spain and Christopher Columbus sign the Capitulations of Santa Fe for his voyage to Asia to acquire spices.
April 17, 1521 – Martin Luther speaks to the assembly at the Diet of Worms, refusing to recant his teachings.
April 17, 1524 – Giovanni da Verrazzano reaches New York harbor.
April 17, 1555 – After 18 months of siege, Siena surrenders to the Florentine-Imperial army. The Republic of Siena is incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
April 17, 1797 – Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico in what would be one of the largest invasions of the Spanish territories in America.
April 17, 1861 – American Civil War: Virginia secedes from the United States.
April 17, 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Plymouth begins – Confederate forces attack Plymouth, North Carolina.
April 17, 1865 – Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
April 17, 1895 – The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
April 17, 1905 – The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which holds that the “right to free contract” is implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
April 17, 1907 – The Ellis Island immigration center processes 11,747 people, more than on any other day.
April 17, 1912 – Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150.
April 17, 1924 – Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios is formed by the merger of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and the Louis B. Mayer Company.
April 17, 1941 – World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
April 17, 1942 – French prisoner of war General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein.
April 17, 1945 – Brazilian forces liberate the town of Montese, Italy, from German Nazi forces.
April 17, 1946 – Syria obtains its Independence from the French occupation.
April 17, 1949 – At midnight 26 Irish counties officially leave the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O’Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushers in the Republic of Ireland.
April 17, 1961 – Bay of Pigs Invasion: A group of CIA financed and trained Cuban refugees lands at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba with the aim of ousting Fidel Castro.
April 17, 1964 – The Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Mustang at the New York World’s Fair.
April 17, 1964 – Jerrie Mock becomes the first woman to circumnavigate the world by air.
April 17, 1964 – Shea Stadium opens.
April 17, 1969 – Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating Robert F. Kennedy.
April 17, 1969 – Czechoslovakian Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubček is deposed.
April 17, 1970 – Apollo program: The ill-fated Apollo 13 spacecraft returns to Earth safely.
April 17, 1971 – The People’s Republic of Bangladesh forms, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Mujibnagor.
April 17, 1971 – Sierra Leone becomes a republic.
April 17, 1973 – German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded.
April 17, 1975 – The Cambodian Civil War ends. The Khmer Rouge captures the capital Phnom Penh and Cambodian government forces surrender.
April 17, 1982 – Patriation of the Canadian constitution in Ottawa by Proclamation of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada.
April 17, 1984 – Police Constable Yvonne Fletcher is killed by gunfire from the Libyan People’s Bureau in London during a small demonstration outside the embassy. Ten others are wounded. The events lead to an 11-day siege of the building.
April 17, 1986 – The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly ends.
April 17, 2006 – Sami Hammad, a Palestinian suicide bomber, detonates an explosive device in Tel Aviv, killing 11 people and injuring 70.

MEMORABLE QUOTE:

“A house is not a home unless it contains food and fire for the mind as well as the body.” (Benjamin Franklin)

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