September 20, 2014

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April 23rd In History: It Happened Today.

William Shakespeare Birthday

William Shakespeare Birthday

The following is your daily snapshot of what happened on this day in history: April 23rd. It is believed that William Shakespeare was born on this day in the year 1564. William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist.


BORN APRIL 23RD:
April 23, 1170 – Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France (d. 1190)
April 23, 1185 – King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)
April 23, 1464 – Joan of France, Duchess of Berry, queen of France (d. 1505)
April 23, 1484 – Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian philosopher (d. 1558)
April 23, 1500 – Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (d. 1565)
April 23, 1516 – Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian, and archaeologist (d. 1571)
April 23, 1564 – William Shakespeare, English writer and actor (d. 1616) (traditional approximate birth date in Julian calendar based on April 26 baptism)
April 23, 1598 – Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral (d. 1653)
April 23, 1621 – William Penn, English admiral (d. 1670)
April 23, 1628 – Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (d. 1704)
April 23, 1676 – King Frederick I of Sweden (d. 1751)
April 23, 1720 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (d. 1797)
April 23, 1725 – Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (d. 1755)
April 23, 1746 – Félix Vicq-d’Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
April 23, 1775 – J. M. W. Turner, English painter (d. 1851)
April 23, 1791 – James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States (d. 1868)
April 23, 1792 – John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)
April 23, 1794 – Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar (d. 1856)
April 23, 1805 – Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz, German philosopher (d. 1879)
April 23, 1813 – Stephen A. Douglas, U.S. Senator from Illinois and Presidential candidate (d. 1861)
April 23, 1813 – Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar (Society of Saint Vincent de Paul) (d. 1853)
April 23, 1823 – Abd-ul-Mejid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1861)
April 23, 1834 – Artemus Ward, American comic writer (d. 1867)
April 23, 1853 – Winthrop M. Crane, 40th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1920)
April 23, 1857 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (d. 1919)
April 23, 1858 – Max Planck, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1947)
April 23, 1858 – Ethel Mary Smyth, English composer (d. 1944)
April 23, 1861 – Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, British general (d. 1936)
April 23, 1861 – John Peltz, American baseball player (d. 1906)
April 23, 1865 – Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)
April 23, 1867 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Danish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1928)
April 23, 1872 – Violet Gordon-Woodhouse, British musician (d. 1951)
April 23, 1876 – Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (d. 1925)
April 23, 1880 – Michel Fokine, Russian choreographer and dancer (d. 1942)
April 23, 1882 – Albert Coates, British composer (d. 1953)
April 23, 1888 – Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and diplomat (d. 1967)
April 23, 1889 – Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (d. 1942)
April 23, 1893 – Frank Borzage, American film director (d. 1952)
April 23, 1894 – Cow Cow Davenport, American pianist (d. 1955)
April 23, 1895 – Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
April 23, 1895 – Johnny Hyde, Russian-born American talent agent (d. 1950)
April 23, 1897 – Lucius D. Clay, American general (d. 1978)
April 23, 1897 – Lester B. Pearson, fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1972)
April 23, 1899 – Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (d. 1979)
April 23, 1899 – Minoru Shirota, inventor of Yakult (d. 1982)
April 23, 1900 – Joseph Green, Polish-born actor and director (d. 1996)


April 23, 1900 – Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (d. 1959)
April 23, 1901 – E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist (d. 1988)
April 23, 1902 – Halldór Laxness, Icelandic writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
April 23, 1903 – Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d. 1974)
April 23, 1904 – Duncan Renaldo, Spanish-American actor (d. 1985)
April 23, 1907 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (d. 1975)
April 23, 1907 – Lee Miller, American photographer & model (d. 1977)
April 23, 1908 – Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)
April 23, 1910 – Simone Simon, French actress (d. 2005)
April 23, 1911 – Ronald Neame, British film producer (d. 2010)
April 23, 1917 – Dorian Leigh, American supermodel (d. 2008)
April 23, 1918 – Maurice Druon, French author (d. 2009)
April 23, 1919 – Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent (d. 1963)
April 23, 1921 – Janet Blair, American actress (d. 2007)
April 23, 1921 – Warren Spahn, American baseball player (d. 2003)
April 23, 1922 – Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress and occultist (d. 1995)
April 23, 1922 – Jack May, British actor (d. 1997)
April 23, 1923 – Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas (d. 2010)
April 23, 1923 – Avram Davidson, American writer (d. 1993)
April 23, 1923 – Antonino Rocca, professional wrestler (d. 1977)
April 23, 1924 – Chuck Harmon, American baseball player
April 23, 1924 – Bobby Rosengarden, American jazz drummer (d. 2007)
April 23, 1926 – J. P. Donleavy, Irish American author
April 23, 1928 – Shirley Temple, American actress and politician
April 23, 1930 – Alan Oppenheimer, American actor and voice actor
April 23, 1932 – Jim Fixx, American athlete and writer (d. 1984)
April 23, 1932 – Halston, American fashion designer (d. 1990)
April 23, 1934 – George Canseco, Filipino music composer (d. 2004)
April 23, 1935 – Bunky Green, American musician
April 23, 1936 – Roy Orbison, American singer and musician (d. 1988)
April 23, 1939 – Jorge Fons, Mexican film director
April 23, 1939 – Lee Majors, American actor
April 23, 1939 – Ray Peterson, American singer (d. 2005)
April 23, 1940 – Michael Copps, American Federal Government official
April 23, 1941 – Jacqueline Boyer, French singer
April 23, 1941 – Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland 1995-2003
April 23, 1941 – Michael Lynne, American film executive
April 23, 1942 – Sandra Dee, American actress (d. 2005)
April 23, 1943 – Gail Goodrich, American basketball player
April 23, 1943 – Tony Esposito, Canadian ice hockey player
April 23, 1943 – Frans Koppelaar, Dutch painter
April 23, 1943 – Hervé Villechaize, French actor (d. 1993)
April 23, 1947 – Glenn Cornick, British musician (Jethro Tull)
April 23, 1947 – Bernadette Devlin, Irish politician
April 23, 1948 – Pascal Quignard, French author
April 23, 1948 – Serge Thériault, French-Canadian comedian and actor
April 23, 1949 – David Cross, British violinist (King Crimson)
April 23, 1949 – Joyce DeWitt, American actress
April 23, 1952 – Narada Michael Walden, American musician and producer
April 23, 1954 – Michael Moore, American filmmaker
April 23, 1955 – Judy Davis, Australian actress
April 23, 1955 – Tony Miles, English chess player (d. 2001)
April 23, 1955 – Fumi Hirano, Japanese voice actress and essayist
April 23, 1957 – Neville Brody, English graphic designer, typographer and art director
April 23, 1957 – Jan Hooks, American actress
April 23, 1957 – Kenji Kawai, Japanese composer
April 23, 1958 – Hilmar Örn Hilmarsson, Icelandic music composer
April 23, 1958 – Ryan Walter, Canadian ice hockey player
April 23, 1960 – Valerie Bertinelli, American actress
April 23, 1960 – Steve Clark, English guitarist (Def Leppard) (d. 1991)
April 23, 1960 – Claude Julien, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
April 23, 1961 – Terry Gordy, American professional wrestler (d. 2001)
April 23, 1961 – George Lopez, American actor and comedian
April 23, 1962 – John Hannah, Scottish actor
April 23, 1963 – Paul Belmondo, French actor and racing driver
April 23, 1963 – Magnús Ver Magnússon, Icelandic powerlifter
April 23, 1967 – Rheal Cormier, Canadian baseball player
April 23, 1967 – Kim Hee-ae, South Korean actress
April 23, 1967 – Melina Kanakaredes, American actress
April 23, 1968 – Princess Aisha bint Al Hussein of Jordan
April 23, 1968 – Princess Zein bint Al Hussein of Jordan
April 23, 1968 – Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001)
April 23, 1969 – Yelena Shushunova, Russian gymnast
April 23, 1969 – Byron Thames, American actor
April 23, 1969 – Richard Wolstencroft, Australian filmmaker
April 23, 1969 – Martin López-Zubero, Spanish swimmer
April 23, 1970 – Scott Bairstow, Canadian actor
April 23, 1970 – Andrew Gee, Australian rugby league footballer
April 23, 1970 – Dennis Bayne Culp, American singer/songwriter
April 23, 1970 – Sadao Abe, Japanese actor
April 23, 1971 – Charmaine Sinclair, English model
April 23, 1971 – Uli Herzner, German American designer
April 23, 1972 – Pierre Labrie, Canadian poet
April 23, 1972 – Patricia Manterola, Mexican singer
April 23, 1972 – Sonya Smith, American actress
April 23, 1973 – Patrick Poulin, French-Canadian ice hockey player
April 23, 1974 – Carlos Dengler, American musician (Interpol)
April 23, 1974 – Michael Kerr, New Zealand-born German rugby player
April 23, 1974 – Barry Watson, American actor
April 23, 1975 – Jón Þór Birgisson, Icelandic musician and singer (Sigur Rós)
April 23, 1975 – Bobby Shaw, American football player
April 23, 1977 – John Cena, American professional wrestler and actor
April 23, 1977 – Andruw Jones, Curaçaoan baseball player
April 23, 1977 – Willie Mitchell, Canadian ice hockey player
April 23, 1977 – Kal Penn, American actor
April 23, 1977 – Lee Young-Pyo, Korean footballer
April 23, 1977 – John Oliver, British comedian
April 23, 1979 – Barry Fratelli, Scottish bassist (The Fratellis)
April 23, 1979 – Yana Gupta, Indian actress & model
April 23, 1979 – Jaime King, American actress
April 23, 1979 – Lauri Ylönen, Finnish singer (The Rasmus)
April 23, 1981 – Sean Henn, American baseball player
April 23, 1981 – Joanna Krupa, Polish/American model and actress
April 23, 1981 – Chris Sharma, American rock climber/boulderer
April 23, 1983 – Daniela Hantuchová, Slovakian tennis player
April 23, 1983 – Taio Cruz, British singer-songwriter
April 23, 1984 – Alexandra Kosteniuk, Russian chess player
April 23, 1984 – Seka Aleksic, Serbian turbofolk singer
April 23, 1985 – Angel Locsin, Filipina actress
April 23, 1986 – Sven Kramer, Dutch speedskater
April 23, 1986 – Jessica Stam, Canadian model
April 23, 1987 – Emily Fox, American cup stacker and basketball player
April 23, 1987 – Boaz Mauda, Israeli singer
April 23, 1988 – Victor Anichebe, Nigerian footballer
April 23, 1988 – Molly Burnett, American actress
April 23, 1989 – Nicole Vaidišová, Czech tennis player
April 23, 1990 – Dev Patel, British actor
April 23, 1990 – Matthew Underwood, American actor

DIED APRIL 23RD:
April 23, 303 – Saint George, Roman soldier and Christian martyr
April 23, 725 – Wihtred, King of Kent
April 23, 871 – Ethelred of Wessex
April 23, 997 – Saint Adalbert of Prague, bishop (b. c. 956)
April 23, 1014 – Brian Boru, High King of Ireland (killed in battle)
April 23, 1016 – Ethelred II of England
April 23, 1124 – King Alexander I of Scotland (b. 1078)
April 23, 1151 – Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)
April 23, 1217 – King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)
April 23, 1407 – Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)
April 23, 1605 – Tsar Boris Godunov of Russia (b. c. 1550)
April 23, 1616 – Miguel Cervantes, Spanish author (b. 1547)
April 23, 1616 – El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Peruvian writer (b. 1539)
April 23, 1616 – William Shakespeare, English writer and actor (b. 1564) (date according to the Julian calendar, hence 10 days later than death of Cervantes or Garcilaso, by the Gregorian calendar)
April 23, 1625 – Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
April 23, 1702 – Margaret Fell, English Quaker leader (b. 1614)
April 23, 1740 – Thomas Tickell, English writer (b. 1685)
April 23, 1781 – James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)
April 23, 1784 – Solomon I, king of Imereti (western Georgia) (b. 1735)
April 23, 1792 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)
April 23, 1794 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)
April 23, 1827 – Georgios Karaiskakis, Greek hero of the Greek War of Independence
April 23, 1839 – Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)
April 23, 1850 – William Wordsworth, English poet (b. 1770)
April 23, 1889 – Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer (b. 1808)
April 23, 1895 – Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)
April 23, 1905 – Gédéon Ouimet, Quebec politician (b. 1823)
April 23, 1907 – Alfred Packer, American Cannibal (b. 1842)
April 23, 1915 – Rupert Brooke, English poet (b. 1887).
April 23, 1936 – Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)
April 23, 1951 – Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
April 23, 1952 – Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (b. 1887)
April 23, 1965 – George Adamski, Polish-American author and ufologist (b. 1891)
April 23, 1975 – William Hartnell, English actor (b. 1908)
April 23, 1979 – Blair Peach, New Zealand-born anti-fascist (b. 1946)
April 23, 1981 – Josep Pla, Catalan journalist and writer (b. 1897)
April 23, 1983 – Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (b. 1908)
April 23, 1984 – Red Garland, American jazz pianist (b. 1923)
April 23, 1985 – Sam Ervin, American politician (b. 1896)
April 23, 1986 – Harold Arlen, American composer (b. 1905)
April 23, 1986 – Jim Laker, English cricketer (b. 1922)
April 23, 1986 – Otto Preminger, Austrian-born film director (b. 1906)
April 23, 1990 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (b. 1910)
April 23, 1991 – Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)
April 23, 1992 – Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker (b. 1921)
April 23, 1992 – Tanka Prasad Acharya former Nepalese Prime Minister (b.1912)
April 23, 1993 – César Chávez, American labor activist (b. 1927)
April 23, 1995 – Howard Cosell, American sports journalist (b. 1918)
April 23, 1995 – John C. Stennis, U.S. Senator from Mississippi (b. 1904)
April 23, 1996 – Jean-Victor Allard, Canadian military officer (b. 1913)
April 23, 1996 – P. L. Travers, Australian author (b. 1899)
April 23, 1997 – Denis Compton, English cricketer (b. 1918)
April 23, 1998 – Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician (b. 1907)
April 23, 1998 – James Earl Ray, American alleged assassin (b. 1928)
April 23, 1998 – Thanassis Skordalos, Greek musician (b. 1920)
April 23, 2003 – James H. Critchfield, American Central Intelligence agent (b. 1917)
April 23, 2003 – Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (b. 1910)
April 23, 2005 – Sir Johannes “Joh” Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (b. 1911)
April 23, 2005 – Al Grassby, Australian immigration minister (b. 1928)
April 23, 2005 – Sir John Mills, English actor (b. 1908)
April 23, 2005 – Romano Scarpa, Italian-born comic artist (b. 1927)
April 23, 2005 – Earl Wilson, American baseball player (b. 1934)
April 23, 2006 – Johnnie Checketts, New Zealand fighter pilot (b. 1912)
April 23, 2006 – Phil Walden, American manager of the Allman Brothers Band (b. 1940)
April 23, 2007 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (b. 1932)
April 23, 2007 – David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)
April 23, 2007 – Peter Randall, British George Medal recipient (d. 1930)
April 23, 2007 – Boris Yeltsin, first President of the Russian Federation (b. 1931)

MEMORABLE APRIL 23RD EVENTS:
April 23, 215 BC – A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.
April 23, 1014 – Battle of Clontarf: Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.
April 23, 1016 – Edmund Ironside succeeds his father Æthelred the Unready as king of England,
April 23, 1343 – Estonia: St. George’s Night Uprising.
April 23, 1348 – The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III is announced on St George’s Day.
April 23, 1521 – Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.
April 23, 1635 – The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.
April 23, 1660 – Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.
April 23, 1661 – King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
April 23, 1815 – The Second Serbian Uprising – a second phase of the national revolution of the Serbs against the Ottoman Empire, erupts shortly after the annexation of the country to the Ottoman Empire.
April 23, 1910 – Theodore Roosevelt made his The Man in the Arena speech.
April 23, 1918 – World War I: The British Royal Navy makes a raid in an attempt to neutralise the Belgian port of Bruges-Zeebrugge.
April 23, 1920 – The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
April 23, 1920 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) is founded in Ankara.
April 23, 1927 – Turkey Türkiye becomes the first country to celebrate Children’s Day as a national holiday.
April 23, 1932 – The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, Netherlands burns down.
April 23, 1935 – The Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
April 23, 1940 – The Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people.
April 23, 1941 – World War II: The Greek government and King George II evacuate Athens before the invading Wehrmacht.
April 23, 1942 – World War II: Baedeker Blitz – German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.
April 23, 1949 – Chinese Civil War: Establishment of the People’s Liberation Army Navy.
April 23, 1955 – The Canadian Labour Congress is formed by the merger of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada and the Canadian Congress of Labour.
April 23, 1961 – Algiers putsch by French generals.
April 23, 1967 – Soviet space program: Soyuz 1 (Russian: Союз 1, Union 1) was a manned spaceflight, Launched into orbit carrying cosmonaut Colonel Vladimir Komarov.
April 23, 1968 – Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.
April 23, 1985 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months.
April 23, 1987 – 28 construction workers die when the L’Ambiance Plaza apartment building collapses while under construction in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
April 23, 1990 – Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
April 23, 1993 – Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.
April 23, 1997 – Omaria massacre in Algeria: 42 villagers are killed.
April 23, 2003 – Beijing closes all schools for two weeks because of the SARS virus.
April 23, 2009 – The gamma ray burst GRB 090423 is observed for 10 seconds. The event signals the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.

MEMORABLE QUOTE:
“A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool.” (William Shakespeare)

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