August 1, 2014

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April 6th In History: It Happened Today.

Woodrow Wilson War Declaration

Woodrow Wilson War Declaration

The following is your daily snapshot of what happened on this day in history: April 6th.  This day is marked by the Declaration of War by the United States against Germany (World War I).

BORN APRIL 6th:

April 6, 46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.

April 6, 402 – Stilicho stymies the Visigoths under Alaric in the Battle of Pollentia.

April 6, 1199 – King Richard I of England dies from an infection following the removal of an arrow from his shoulder.

April 6, 1320 – The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.

April 6, 1327 – The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.

April 6, 1385 – John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.

April 6, 1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Istanbul), which falls on May 29.

April 6, 1580 – One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place.

April 6, 1652 – At the Cape of Good Hope, Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp that eventually becomes Cape Town .

April 6, 1667 – An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.

April 6, 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Ships of the Continental Navy fail in their attempt to capture a Royal Navy dispatch boat.

April 6, 1782 – Rama I of Siam (modern day Thailand) founds the Chakri dynasty.

April 6, 1793 – During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.

April 6, 1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company, eventually leading him to become America’s first Millionaire.

April 6, 1812 – British forces under the command of the Duke of Wellington assault the fortress of Badajoz. This would be the turning point in the Peninsular War against Napoleon led France.

April 6, 1814 – Nominal beginning of the Bourbon Restoration — anniversary date that Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba. (Rule by the Bourbon’s was delayed a few weeks, though allies held most key locales of France.)

April 6, 1830 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette or Manchester, New York.

April 6, 1860 – The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints—later renamed Community of Christ—is organized by Joseph Smith III and others at Amboy, Illinois

April 6, 1861 – First performance of Arthur Sullivan’s debut success, his suite of incidental music for The Tempest, leading to a career that included the famous Gilbert and Sullivan operas.

April 6, 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Shiloh begins – in Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.

April 6, 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Sayler’s Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.

April 6, 1866 – The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.

April 6, 1869 – Celluloid is patented.

April 6, 1888 – Thomas Green Clemson dies, bequeathing his estate to the State of South Carolina to establish Clemson Agricultural College.

April 6, 1893 – Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff.

April 6, 1895 – Oscar Wilde is arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.

April 6, 1896 – In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games is celebrated, 1,500 years after the original games are banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.

April 6, 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.

April 6, 1909 – Robert Peary and Matthew Henson allegedly reach the North Pole.

April 6, 1911 – During the Battle of Deçiq, Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).

April 6, 1917 – World War I: The United States declares war on Germany (see President Woodrow Wilson’s address to Congress).

April 6, 1919 – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a general strike.

April 6, 1923 – The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.

April 6, 1926 – Varney Airlines makes its first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).

April 6, 1929 – Huey P. Long Governor of Louisiana is impeached by the Louisiana House of Representatives.

April 6, 1930 – Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” beginning the Salt Satyagraha.

April 6, 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.

April 6, 1941 – World War II: Nazi Germany launches Operation 25 (the invasion of Kingdom of Yugoslavia) and Operation Marita (the invasion of Greece).

April 6, 1945 – World War II: Sarajevo is liberated from the German and Croatian Nazis by the Yugoslav Partisans.

April 6, 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievement.

April 6, 1957 – Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.

April 6, 1962 – Leonard Bernstein causes controversy with his remarks from the podium during a New York Philharmonic concert featuring Glenn Gould performing Brahms’ First Piano Concerto.

April 6, 1965 – Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit.

April 6, 1965 – The British Government announces the cancellation of the TSR-2 aircraft project.

April 6, 1968 – In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.

April 6, 1970 – Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.

April 6, 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.

April 6, 1973 – Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.

April 6, 1973 – The American League of Major League Baseball begins using the designated hitter.

April 6, 1982 – Estonian Communist Party bureau declares “fight against bourgeois TV” — meaning Finnish TV — a top priority of the propagandists of Estonian SSR

April 6, 1984 – Members of Cameroon’s Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.

April 6, 1994 – The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.

April 6, 1998 – Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of reaching India.

April 6, 1998 – Travelers Group announces an agreement to undertake the $76 billion merger between Travelers and Citicorp, and the merger is completed on October 8, of that year, forming Citibank.

April 6, 2004 – Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.

April 6, 2005 – Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.

April 6, 2009 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L’Aquila, Italy, killing 307.

April 6, 2010 – Maoist rebels kill 76 CRPF officers in Dantewada district, India.

DIED APRIL 6th:

April 6, 1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)

April 6, 1613 – Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)

April 6, 1632 – Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)

April 6, 1651 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)

April 6, 1664 – Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (d. 1742)

April 6, 1671 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (d. 1741)

April 6, 1725 – Pasquale Paoli, Corsican patriot and military leader (d. 1807)

April 6, 1741 – Nicolas Chamfort, French writer (d. 1794)

April 6, 1766 – Wilhelm von Kobell, German painter and printmaker (d. 1853)

April 6, 1773 – James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (d. 1836)

April 6, 1810 – Philip Henry Gosse, English naturalist (d. 1888)

April 6, 1812 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)

April 6, 1815 – Robert Volkmann, German composer (d. 1883)

April 6, 1818 – Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)

April 6, 1820 – Nadar, French photographer (d. 1910)

April 6, 1823 – Joseph Medill, journalist and mayor of Chicago (d. 1899)

April 6, 1826 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)

April 6, 1841 – Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)

April 6, 1849 – John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)

April 6, 1851 – Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)

April 6, 1861 – Stanislas de Guaita, French occultist (d. 1897)

April 6, 1864 – William Bate Hardy, British biochemist (d. 1934)

April 6, 1869 – Levon Shant, Armenian playwright, novelist and poet (d. 1951)

April 6, 1871 – Prince Alexander John of Wales (d. 1871)

April 6, 1878 – Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)

April 6, 1884 – Walter Huston, Canadian-born actor (d. 1950)

April 6, 1886 – Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)

April 6, 1886 – Walter Edward Dandy, American neurosurgery pioneer (d. 1946)

April 6, 1888 – Hans Richter, Swiss painter, film maker, graphic artist and avant-gardist (d. 1976)

April 6, 1888 – Gerhard Ritter, German historian (d. 1967)

April 6, 1890 – Anthony Fokker, Dutch aviation engineering pioneer (d. 1939)

April 6, 1892 – Donald Wills Douglas, Sr., American aviation industrialist (d. 1981)

April 6, 1892 – Lowell Thomas, American travel writer (d. 1981)

April 6, 1894 – Gertrude Baines, American supercentenarian (d. 2009)

April 6, 1895 – Dudley Nichols, American screenwriter (d. 1960)

April 6, 1900 – Leo Robin, American songwriter (d. 1984)

April 6, 1901 – Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)

April 6, 1902 – Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)

April 6, 1902 – Julien Torma, French writer, playwright and poet (d. 1933)

April 6, 1903 – Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)

April 6, 1903 – Harold Edgerton, American electrical engineer (d. 1990)

April 6, 1909 – William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)

April 6, 1909 – Hermann Lang, German race car driver (d. 1987)

April 6, 1911 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)

April 6, 1913 – Shannon Boyd-Bailey McCune, American geographer (d. 1993)

April 6, 1915 – Tadeusz Kantor, Polish painter, set designer and theater director (d. 1990)

April 6, 1916 – Vincent Ellis McKelvey, American geologist (d. 1987)

April 6, 1917 – Leonora Carrington, British-born surrealist painter

April 6, 1918 – Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)

April 6, 1919 – Georgios Mylonas, Greek politician (d. 1998)

April 6, 1920 – Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss-American biochemist, Nobel laureate

April 6, 1926 – Sergio Franchi, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1990)

April 6, 1926 – Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)

April 6, 1926 – Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician

April 6, 1927 – Gerry Mulligan, American musician (d. 1996)

April 6, 1928 – James D. Watson, American geneticist, Nobel laureate

April 6, 1929 – Willis Hall, English playwright and radio and television writer (d. 2005)

April 6, 1929 – Joi Lansing, American model and actress (d. 1972)

April 6, 1929 – André Previn, German-born composer and conductor

April 6, 1931 – Baba Ram Dass, American Hindu spiritual teacher

April 6, 1931 – Ivan Dixon, American actor and director (d. 2008)

April 6, 1932 – Helmut Griem, German actor (d. 2004)

April 6, 1933 – Roy Goode, British lawyer

April 6, 1933 – Eduardo Malapit, American politician (d. 2007)

April 6, 1934 – Enrique Álvarez Félix, Mexican actor (d. 1996)

April 6, 1934 – Anton Geesink, Dutch judoka (d. 2010)

April 6, 1934 – Guy Peellaert, Belgian visual artist (d. 2008)

April 6, 1935 – Douglas Hill, Canadian-born science fiction writer (d. 2007)

April 6, 1936 – Helen Berman, Dutch-Israeli visual artist

April 6, 1937 – Merle Haggard, American musician

April 6, 1937 – Peter Maivia, Samoan professional wrestler (d. 1982)

April 6, 1937 – Billy Dee Williams, American actor

April 6, 1938 – Paul Daniels, English magician

April 6, 1938 – Roy Thinnes, American actor

April 6, 1939 – André Ouellet, French Canadian politician

April 6, 1940 – Homero Aridjis, Mexican writer and diplomat

April 6, 1940 – Pedro Armendáriz Jr., Mexican actor

April 6, 1941 – Phil Austin, American comedian

April 6, 1941 – Hans W. Geissendörfer, German filmmaker

April 6, 1941 – Don “The Snake” Prudhomme, American drag racer

April 6, 1941 – Gheorghe Zamfir, Romanian musician

April 6, 1942 – Barry Levinson, American film producer/director

April 6, 1944 – Felicity Palmer, English soprano

April 6, 1945 – Neal Boortz, American radio personality

April 6, 1947 – John Ratzenberger, American actor

April 6, 1947 – Mike Worboys, British mathematician

April 6, 1948 – Patrika Darbo, American actress

April 6, 1949 – Horst Ludwig Störmer, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate

April 6, 1950 – Cleo Odzer, American writer

April 6, 1951 – Bert Blyleven, Dutch-born baseball player

April 6, 1952 – Udo Dirkschneider, German singer

April 6, 1952 – Marilu Henner, American actress

April 6, 1952 – Michel Larocque, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1992)

April 6, 1953 – Christopher Franke, German musician and composer

April 6, 1955 – Rob Epstein, American filmmaker and journalist

April 6, 1955 – Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian serial killer

April 6, 1955 – Cathy Jones, Canadian comedian

April 6, 1955 – Blind Mississippi Morris, American delta blues musician

April 6, 1955 – Michael Rooker, American actor

April 6, 1956 – Sebastian Spreng, Argentinean visual artist

April 6, 1956 – Dilip Vengsarkar, Indian cricketer and administrator

April 6, 1957 – Jaroslava Maxova, Czech opera singer

April 6, 1957 – Paolo Nespoli, Italian astronaut

April 6, 1960 – Batem, French comic book artist

April 6, 1960 – Warren Haynes, American guitarist and song writer

April 6, 1960 – John Pizzarelli, American jazz guitarist, song writer, singer and bandleader

April 6, 1961 – Rory Bremner, English comedian and impressionist

April 6, 1962 – Iris Häussler, German-born installation artist

April 6, 1963 – Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador

April 6, 1964 – Phil Gayle, English news presenter

April 6, 1965 – Frank Black, American singer/songwriter (Pixies and Frank Black and the Catholics)

April 6, 1965 – Sterling Sharpe, American football player

April 6, 1965 – Lieve Slegers, Belgian athlete

April 6, 1966 – Young Man Kang, South Korean film director

April 6, 1967 – Jonathan Firth, British actor

April 6, 1967 – Mika Koivuniemi, Finnish ten-pin bowler

April 6, 1968 – Affonso Giaffone, Brazilian racing driver

April 6, 1968 – Vanessa Lann, American composer

April 6, 1969 – Louie Spence, English dancer/choreographer and TV personality

April 6, 1969 – Bret Boone, American baseball player

April 6, 1969 – Jack Canfora, American playwright

April 6, 1969 – Bison Dele, American basketball player (disappeared 2002)

April 6, 1969 – Ari Meyers, Puerto Rican-born American actress

April 6, 1969 – Philipp Peter, Austrian racing driver

April 6, 1969 – Paul Rudd, American actor

April 6, 1969 – Spencer Wells, American geneticist

April 6, 1970 – Olaf Kölzig, South African–born ice hockey player

April 6, 1970 – Huang Xiaomin, Chinese swimmer

April 6, 1971 – Lou Merloni, American baseball player

April 6, 1972 – Ami James, Israeli-born American tattoo artist

April 6, 1972 – Jason Hervey, American actor

April 6, 1972 – Jo Van Daele, Belgian discus thrower

April 6, 1973 – Donnie Edwards, American football player

April 6, 1973 – Joe Machine, English artist, poet and writer

April 6, 1973 – Rie Miyazawa, Japanese actress/singer

April 6, 1973 – Sun Wen, Chinese footballer

April 6, 1973 – Gina Yashere, English comedian

April 6, 1974 – Robert Kovač, Croatian footballer

April 6, 1975 – Zach Braff, American actor

April 6, 1975 – Hal Gill, American ice hockey player

April 6, 1976 – Candace Cameron, American actress

April 6, 1976 – Georg Hólm, Icelandic musician (Sigur Rós)

April 6, 1976 – Hirotada Ototake, Japanese sports writer

April 6, 1977 – Ville Nieminen, Finnish ice hockey player

April 6, 1977 – Andy Phillips, American baseball player

April 6, 1978 – Tim Hasselbeck, American football player

April 6, 1978 – Myleene Klass, British singer

April 6, 1978 – Martin Mendez, Uruguayan-born bassist (Opeth)

April 6, 1978 – Blaine Neal, American baseball player

April 6, 1981 – Robert Earnshaw, Zambian born, Welsh international footballer

April 6, 1981 – Kari Jobe, American singer-songwriter

April 6, 1982 – Michael Guy Chislett, Australian-American guitarist (The Academy Is…)

April 6, 1982 – Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef

April 6, 1982 – Bret Harrison, American actor

April 6, 1982 – Travis Moen, Canadian ice hockey player

April 6, 1983 – Diora Baird, American actress and model

April 6, 1983 – Jerome Kaino, New Zealand All Black rugby player

April 6, 1983 – Mitsuru Nagata, Japanese footballer

April 6, 1983 – Jade Seah, Singaporean model, host and actress

April 6, 1983 – Dash Shaw, American comic book writer and artist

April 6, 1983 – Bobbi Starr, American pornographic actress

April 6, 1983 – James Wade, English darts player

April 6, 1984 – Max Bemis, American musician/songwriter

April 6, 1985 – Clarke MacArthur, Canadian ice hockey player

April 6, 1985 – Frank Ongfiang, Italian footballer

April 6, 1986 – Nikolas Asprogenis, Greek-Cypriot footballer

April 6, 1986 – Aaron Curry, American football player

April 6, 1986 – Ryota Moriwaki, Japanese footballer

April 6, 1987 – Levi Porter, English footballer

April 6, 1987 – Hilary Rhoda, American model

April 6, 1988 – Leigh Adams, Australian rules footballer

April 6, 1988 – Mike Bailey, English actor

April 6, 1988 – Daniele Gasparetto, Italian footballer

April 6, 1988 – Carlton Mitchell, American football player

April 6, 1988 – Fabrice Muamba, Anglo-Congolese footballer

April 6, 1988 – Jucilei da Silva, Brazilian footballer

April 6, 1995 – Ryutaro Morimoto, Japanese actor and singer

April 6, 2007 – Princess Haalah bint Hashim, Princess of Jordan

MEMORABLE APRIL 6th EVENTS:

April 6, 46 BC – Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.

April 6, 402 – Stilicho stymies the Visigoths under Alaric in the Battle of Pollentia.

April 6, 1199 – King Richard I of England dies from an infection following the removal of an arrow from his shoulder.

April 6, 1320 – The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.

April 6, 1327 – The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.

April 6, 1385 – John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.

April 6, 1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Istanbul), which falls on May 29.

April 6, 1580 – One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place.

April 6, 1652 – At the Cape of Good Hope, Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp that eventually becomes Cape Town .

April 6, 1667 – An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.

April 6, 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Ships of the Continental Navy fail in their attempt to capture a Royal Navy dispatch boat.

April 6, 1782 – Rama I of Siam (modern day Thailand) founds the Chakri dynasty.

April 6, 1793 – During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.

April 6, 1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company, eventually leading him to become America’s first Millionaire.

April 6, 1812 – British forces under the command of the Duke of Wellington assault the fortress of Badajoz. This would be the turning point in the Peninsular War against Napoleon led France.

April 6, 1814 – Nominal beginning of the Bourbon Restoration — anniversary date that Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba. (Rule by the Bourbon’s was delayed a few weeks, though allies held most key locales of France.)

April 6, 1830 – The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette or Manchester, New York.

April 6, 1860 – The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints—later renamed Community of Christ—is organized by Joseph Smith III and others at Amboy, Illinois

April 6, 1861 – First performance of Arthur Sullivan’s debut success, his suite of incidental music for The Tempest, leading to a career that included the famous Gilbert and Sullivan operas.

April 6, 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Shiloh begins – in Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.

April 6, 1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Sayler’s Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.

April 6, 1866 – The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.

April 6, 1869 – Celluloid is patented.

April 6, 1888 – Thomas Green Clemson dies, bequeathing his estate to the State of South Carolina to establish Clemson Agricultural College.

April 6, 1893 – Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff.

April 6, 1895 – Oscar Wilde is arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.

April 6, 1896 – In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games is celebrated, 1,500 years after the original games are banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.

April 6, 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.

April 6, 1909 – Robert Peary and Matthew Henson allegedly reach the North Pole.

April 6, 1911 – During the Battle of Deçiq, Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).

April 6, 1917 – World War I: The United States declares war on Germany.

April 6, 1919 – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a general strike.

April 6, 1923 – The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.

April 6, 1926 – Varney Airlines makes its first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).

April 6, 1929 – Huey P. Long Governor of Louisiana is impeached by the Louisiana House of Representatives.

April 6, 1930 – Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, “With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” beginning the Salt Satyagraha.

April 6, 1936 – Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.

April 6, 1941 – World War II: Nazi Germany launches Operation 25 (the invasion of Kingdom of Yugoslavia) and Operation Marita (the invasion of Greece).

April 6, 1945 – World War II: Sarajevo is liberated from the German and Croatian Nazis by the Yugoslav Partisans.

April 6, 1947 – The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievement.

April 6, 1957 – Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.

April 6, 1962 – Leonard Bernstein causes controversy with his remarks from the podium during a New York Philharmonic concert featuring Glenn Gould performing Brahms’ First Piano Concerto.

April 6, 1965 – Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit.

April 6, 1965 – The British Government announces the cancellation of the TSR-2 aircraft project.

April 6, 1968 – In Richmond, Indiana’s downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.

April 6, 1970 – Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.

April 6, 1972 – Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.

April 6, 1973 – Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.

April 6, 1973 – The American League of Major League Baseball begins using the designated hitter.

April 6, 1982 – Estonian Communist Party bureau declares “fight against bourgeois TV” — meaning Finnish TV — a top priority of the propagandists of Estonian SSR

April 6, 1984 – Members of Cameroon’s Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.

April 6, 1994 – The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.

April 6, 1998 – Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of reaching India.

April 6, 1998 – Travelers Group announces an agreement to undertake the $76 billion merger between Travelers and Citicorp, and the merger is completed on October 8, of that year, forming Citibank.

April 6, 2004 – Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.

April 6, 2005 – Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.

April 6, 2009 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L’Aquila, Italy, killing 307.

April 6, 2010 – Maoist rebels kill 76 CRPF officers in Dantewada district, India.

MEMORABLE QUOTES:

“A conservative is someone who makes no changes and consults his grandmother when in doubt”. (Woodrow Wilson)

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