July 25, 2014

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May 19th In History: It Happened Today

Marilyn Monroe "Happy Birthday"

Marilyn Monroe "Happy Birthday"

The following is your daily snapshot of what happened on this day in history, May 19th. On this day in history, May 19, 1962, actress Marilyn Monroe sang “Happy Birthday” to John F. Kennedy. JFK thanked Marilyn, saying, “I can now retire from politics after having had ‘Happy Birthday’ sung to me in such a sweet, wholesome way.”


BORN MAY 19TH:
May 19, 1048 – Omar Khayyám, Persian poet (d. 1131)
May 19, 1593 – Jacob Jordaens, Flemish painter (d. 1678)
May 19, 1700 – José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
May 19, 1724 – Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (d. 1779)
May 19, 1744 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, German-born wife of King George III of the United Kingdom (d. 1818)
May 19, 1762 – Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1814)
May 19, 1773 – Arthur Aikin, English mineralogist (d. 1854)
May 19, 1795 – Johns Hopkins, American philanthropist (d. 1873)
May 19, 1797 – Maria Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain (d. 1818)
May 19, 1827 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
May 19, 1861 – Dame Nellie Melba, Australian opera singer (d. 1931)
May 19, 1870 – Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
May 19, 1871 – Walter Russell, American polymath (d. 1963)
May 19, 1874 – Gilbert Laird Jessop, English cricketer (d. 1955)
May 19, 1879 – Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born British politician (d. 1964)
May 19, 1880 – Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (d. 1964)
May 19, 1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)
May 19, 1882 – Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
May 19, 1890 – Hồ Chí Minh, Vietnamese leader (d. 1969)
May 19, 1891 – Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
May 19, 1897 – Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
May 19, 1898 – Julius Evola, Italian philosopher and esotericist (d. 1974)
May 19, 1906 – Bruce Bennett, American athlete and actor (d. 2007)
May 19, 1908 – Percy Williams, Canadian athlete (d. 1982)
May 19, 1908 – Merriam Modell, American author (d. 1994)
May 19, 1909 – Sir Nicholas Winton, British wartime humanitarian
May 19, 1910 – Alan Melville, South African cricketer, Wisden COY 1948, (d. 1983)
May 19, 1910 – Nathuram Godse, Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (d. 1949)
May 19, 1914 – Max Perutz, Austrian-born British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
May 19, 1914 – Go Seigen, Japanese Go player
May 19, 1914 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
May 19, 1918 – Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
May 19, 1919 – Mitja Ribičič, Slovenian Communist politician, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
May 19, 1921 – Yuri Kochiyama, American civil rights activist
May 19, 1921 – Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer (d. 1999)
May 19, 1921 – Daniel Gélin, French actor (d. 2002)
May 19, 1922 – Joe Gilmore, Irish barkeep
May 19, 1924 – Sandy Wilson, British composer
May 19, 1925 – Malcolm X, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
May 19, 1925 – Pol Pot, Cambodian dictator (d. 1998)
May 19, 1925 – Guy Provost, French Canadian actor (d. 2004)
May 19, 1926 – Swami Kriyananda, Indian teacher and author
May 19, 1926 – Peter Zadek, German theatre director (d. 2009)
May 19, 1928 – Colin Chapman, British car designer (d. 1982)
May 19, 1928 – Dolph Schayes, American basketball player and coach
May 19, 1928 – Gil McDougald, American baseball player (d. 2010)
May 19, 1929 – John Stroger, American politician (d. 2008)
May 19, 1930 – Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
May 19, 1931 – Eric Tappy, Swiss tenor
May 19, 1931 – Bob Anderson, British racing driver (d. 1967)
May 19, 1932 – Claude Blanchard, French Canadian comedian and actor (d. 2006)
May 19, 1932 – Alma Cogan, English singer (d. 1966)
May 19, 1932 – Paul Erdman, American economist and author (d. 2007)
May 19, 1934 – Ruskin Bond, Indian author
May 19, 1934 – Bill Fitch, American basketball head coach
May 19, 1934 – Jim Lehrer, American television journalist
May 19, 1935 – David Hartman, American actor and television personality
May 19, 1937 – Pat Roach, English actor and wrestler (d. 2004)
May 19, 1938 – Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese politician (d. 1989)
May 19, 1938 – Madge Hindle, English actress
May 19, 1939 – Livio Berruti, Italian athlete
May 19, 1939 – James Fox, English actor
May 19, 1939 – Nancy Kwan, Hong Kong actress
May 19, 1939 – Dick Scobee, American astronaut (d. 1986)
May 19, 1940 – Jan Janssen, Dutch cyclist
May 19, 1940 – Mickey Newbury, American musician (d. 2002)
May 19, 1941 – Bobby Burgess, American dancer and singer
May 19, 1941 – Nora Ephron, American screenwriter
May 19, 1942 – Gary Kildall, American computer programmer (d. 1994)
May 19, 1942 – Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician and television presenter
May 19, 1944 – Peter Mayhew, British-American actor
May 19, 1945 – Pete Townshend, English guitarist (The Who)
May 19, 1946 – André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993)
May 19, 1946 – Claude Lelièvre, Belgian commissioner for children’s rights
May 19, 1947 – Paul Brady, Northern Ireland singer/songwriter
May 19, 1947 – David Helfgott, Australian pianist
May 19, 1947 – Michele Placido, Italian actor and director
May 19, 1948 – Grace Jones, Jamaican singer and actress
May 19, 1949 – Dusty Hill, American singer and bassist (ZZ Top)
May 19, 1949 – Archie Manning, American football player
May 19, 1951 – Joey Ramone, American vocalist and songwriter (The Ramones) (d. 2001)
May 19, 1951 – Dick Slater, American professional wrestler


May 19, 1952 – Bert van Marwijk, Dutch footballer
May 19, 1953 – Shavarsh Karapetyan, Armenian finswimmer
May 19, 1953 – Dawud M. Mu’Min, American convicted murderer (d. 1997)
May 19, 1953 – Victoria Wood, English comedian and actress
May 19, 1954 – Phil Rudd, Australian drummer (AC/DC)
May 19, 1955 – James Gosling, Canadian computer programmer
May 19, 1956 – Steven Ford, American actor
May 19, 1956 – Martyn Ware, British musician and music producer
May 19, 1957 – Bill Laimbeer, American basketball player and coach
May 19, 1959 – Nicole Brown Simpson, American murder victim (d. 1994)
May 19, 1961 – Gregory Poirier, American screenwriter and director
May 19, 1963 – Filippo Galli, Italian footballer
May 19, 1963 – Yazz, English singer
May 19, 1964 – Miloslav Mečíř, Slovakian tennis player
May 19, 1964 – Lawrence Ng, Hong Kong actor
May 19, 1964 – Sean Whalen, American actor
May 19, 1965 – Cecilia Bolocco, Chilean television presenter and 1987 Miss Universe
May 19, 1965 – Boris, French singer
May 19, 1965 – Maile Flanagan, American actress
May 19, 1966 – Marc Bureau, Canadian ice hockey player
May 19, 1966 – Sophia Crawford, English actress and martial artist
May 19, 1966 – Jodi Picoult, American writer
May 19, 1966 – Polly Walker, English actress
May 19, 1967 – Massimo Taccon, Italian painter and sculptor
May 19, 1968 – Kyle Eastwood, American jazz musician
May 19, 1970 – Choi Kyung-Ju, South Korean golfer
May 19, 1970 – Mario Dumont, Canadian politician
May 19, 1970 – Jason Gray-Stanford, Canadian actor
May 19, 1971 – Ross Katz, American film producer
May 19, 1971 – Psicosis, Mexican professional wrestler
May 19, 1972 – Jenny Berggren, Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
May 19, 1972 – Claudia Karvan, Australian actress
May 19, 1973 – Dario Franchitti, Scottish race car driver
May 19, 1974 – Andrew Johns, Australian rugby league footballer
May 19, 1975 – Masanobu Ando, Japanese actor
May 19, 1975 – Jonas Renkse, Swedish musician
May 19, 1975 – London Fletcher, American football player
May 19, 1975 – Delma Gonçalves, Brazilian footballer
May 19, 1975 – Josh Paul, American baseball player
May 19, 1976 – Ed Cota, American basketball player
May 19, 1976 – Kevin Garnett, American basketball player
May 19, 1977 – Manuel Almunia, Spanish footballer
May 19, 1977 – Brandon Inge, American baseball player
May 19, 1977 – Natalia Oreiro, Uruguayan singer and actress
May 19, 1977 – Kelly Sheridan, Canadian voice actress
May 19, 1978 – Marcus Bent, English footballer
May 19, 1978 – Kim Zolciak, American reality show star and singer
May 19, 1979 – Diego Forlán, Uruguayan footballer
May 19, 1979 – Barbara Nedeljáková, Slovak actress
May 19, 1979 – Andrea Pirlo, Italian footballer
May 19, 1980 – Drew Fuller, American actor and model
May 19, 1980 – Tony Hackworth, English footballer
May 19, 1981 – Bong Tae-gyu, South Korean actor
May 19, 1981 – Luciano Figueroa, Argentine footballer
May 19, 1981 – Georges St. Pierre, Canadian mixed martial artist
May 19, 1981 – Michael Leighton, Canadian hockey player
May 19, 1982 – Kevin Amankwaah, English footballer
May 19, 1982 – Pål Steffen Andresen, Norwegian footballer
May 19, 1983 – Eve Angel, Hungarian pornographic actress
May 19, 1983 – Jessica Fox, English actress
May 19, 1984 – Marcedes Lewis, American football player
May 19, 1984 – Carla Lynch, British comedienne and model
May 19, 1985 – Chris Loudon, Scottish darts player
May 19, 1986 – Mario Chalmers, American basketball player
May 19, 1986 – Eric Lloyd, American actor
May 19, 1987 – David Edgar, Canadian footballer
May 19, 1987 – Mariano Torres, Argentine footballer
May 19, 1988 – Lily Cole, English model and actress
May 19, 1989 – Jasmine, Japanese singer
May 19, 1991 – Jordan Pruitt, American singer
May 19, 1992 – Michele Camporese, Italian footballer

DIED MAY 19TH:
May 19, 804 – Alcuin, English monk and scholar (b. c.735)
May 19, 988 – Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 909)
May 19, 1102 – Stephen II, Count of Blois (b. c.1045)
May 19, 1125 – Vladimir Monomakh, Russian prince (b. 1053)
May 19, 1296 – Pope Celestine V (b. 1215)
May 19, 1319 – Louis d’Évreux, son of Philip III of France (b. 1276)
May 19, 1389 – Dmitri Donskoi, Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1350)
May 19, 1526 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)
May 19, 1531 – Jan Łaski, Polish statesman and diplomat (b. 1456)
May 19, 1536 – Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1501 or 1507)
May 19, 1601 – Costanzo Porta, Italian composer (b. 1528 or 1529)
May 19, 1610 – Thomas Sanchez, Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
May 19, 1637 – Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)
May 19, 1715 – Charles Montagu, English poet and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)
May 19, 1786 – John Stanley, English composer (b. 1712)
May 19, 1795 – Josiah Bartlett, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1729)
May 19, 1795 – James Boswell, Scottish biographer (b. 1740)
May 19, 1798 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman, and duelist (b. 1722)
May 19, 1821 – Camille Jordan, French politician (b. 1771)
May 19, 1825 – Claude Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
May 19, 1864 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American author (b. 1804)
May 19, 1865 – Sengge Rinchen, Mongol Qing Dynasty field marshal (b. 1811)
May 19, 1876 – Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Dutch politician (b. 1801)
May 19, 1885 – Peter W. Barlow, English engineer (b. 1809)
May 19, 1895 – José Martí, Cuban independence leader (b. 1853)
May 19, 1898 – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
May 19, 1903 – Arthur Shrewsbury, English cricketer (b. 1856)
May 19, 1904 – Auguste Molinier, French historian (b. 1851)
May 19, 1907 – Benjamin Baker, English engineer (b. 1840)
May 19, 1912 – Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (b. 1847)
May 19, 1915 – John Simpson Kirkpatrick, stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
May 19, 1918 – Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace (b. 1885)
May 19, 1935 – T. E. Lawrence, English soldier, known as Lawrence of Arabia (b. 1888)
May 19, 1940 – Diego Mazquiarán, Spanish matador (b. 1895)
May 19, 1943 – Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (b. 1865)
May 19, 1945 – Philipp Bouhler, German Nazi leader (b. 1889)
May 19, 1946 – Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)
May 19, 1954 – Charles Ives, American composer (b. 1874)
May 19, 1958 – Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (b. 1927)
May 19, 1958 – Ronald Colman, English actor (b. 1891)
May 19, 1963 – Walter Russell, American polymath (b. 1871)
May 19, 1965 – Tu’i Malila, the world’s oldest tortoise (b. circa 1777)
May 19, 1969 – Coleman Hawkins, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1901)
May 19, 1971 – Ogden Nash, American poet (b. 1902)
May 19, 1975 – Li Tobler, Swiss actress (b. 1948)
May 19, 1983 – Jean Rey, President of the European Commission (b. 1902)
May 19, 1984 – John Betjeman, English poet and Poet Laureate (b. 1906)
May 19, 1986 – Jimmy Lyons, American musician (b. 1931)
May 19, 1987 – James Tiptree, Jr, American author (b. 1915)
May 19, 1989 – CLR James, West Indian writer and journalist (b. 1901)
May 19, 1994 – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, First Lady of the United States 1961-1963 (b. 1929)
May 19, 1994 – Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (b. 1945)
May 19, 1998 – Sōsuke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1922)
May 19, 1999 – James Blades, English percussionist (b. 1901)
May 19, 1999 – Candy Candido, American actor (b. 1913)
May 19, 2000 – Yevgeny Khrunov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1933)
May 19, 2001 – Susannah McCorkle, American singer (b. 1946)
May 19, 2002 – John Gorton, 19th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1911)
May 19, 2002 – Walter Lord, American writer (b. 1917)
May 19, 2003 – Camoflauge, American rapper (b. 1981)
May 19, 2004 – Mary Dresselhuys, Dutch actress (b. 1907)
May 19, 2005 – Henry Corden, American actor and voice artist (b. 1921)
May 19, 2006 – Freddie Garrity, English vocalist (Freddie and the Dreamers) (b. 1940)
May 19, 2007 – Dean Eyre, New Zealand politician (b. 1914)
May 19, 2008 – Vijay Tendulkar, Indian playwright (b. 1928)
May 19, 2009 – Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)
May 19, 2009 – Robert F. Furchgott, American chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1916)
May 19, 2011 – Tran Hong Phong. CVAS-OAM TMA SOLUTION (b. 1988)
May 19, 2009 – Nicholas Maw, British composer (b. 1935)
May 19, 2009 – Herbert York, American physicist (b. 1921)

MAY 19TH MEMORABLE EVENTS:
May 19, 1499 – Catherine of Aragon is married by proxy to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales. Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12.
May 19, 1535 – French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona’s two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage).
May 19, 1536 – Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, is beheaded for adultery, treason, and incest.
May 19, 1568 – Queen Elizabeth I of England orders the arrest of Mary, Queen of Scots.
May 19, 1643 – Thirty Years’ War: French forces under the duc d’Enghien decisively defeat Spanish forces at the Battle of Rocroi, marking the symbolic end of Spain as a dominant land power.
May 19, 1649 – An Act of Parliament declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.
May 19, 1749 – King George II of Great Britain grants the Ohio Company a charter of land around the forks of the Ohio River.
May 19, 1780 – New England’s Dark Day: A combination of thick smoke and heavy cloud cover causes complete darkness to fall on Eastern Canada and the New England area of the United States at 10:30 A.M.
May 19, 1802 – Napoleon Bonaparte founds the Légion d’Honneur.
May 19, 1828 – U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828 into law, protecting wool manufacturers in the United States.
May 19, 1845 – Captain Sir John Franklin and his ill-fated Arctic expedition depart from Greenhithe, England.
May 19, 1848 – Mexican-American War: Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war and ceding California, Nevada, Utah and parts of four other modern-day U.S. states to the United States for $15 million USD.
May 19, 1864 – American Civil War: the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ends.
May 19, 1897 – Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.
May 19, 1911 – Parks Canada, the world’s first national park service, is established as the Dominion Parks Branch under the Department of the Interior.
May 19, 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence.
May 19, 1921 – The U.S. Congress passes the Emergency Quota Act establishing national quotas on immigration.
May 19, 1922 – The Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established.
May 19, 1934 – Zveno and the Bulgarian Army engineer a coup d’état and install Kimon Georgiev as the new Prime Minister.
May 19, 1943 – World War II: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the Normandy landings (“D-Day”). It would later be delayed over a month due to bad weather.
May 19, 1950 – A barge containing munitions destined for Pakistan explodes in the harbor at South Amboy, New Jersey, devastating the city.
May 19, 1959 – The North Vietnamese Army establishes Group 559, whose responsibility is to determine how to maintain supply lines to South Vietnam; the resulting route is the Ho Chi Minh trail.
May 19, 1961 – Venera program: Venera 1 becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing Venus (the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier and did not send back any data).
May 19, 1962 – A birthday salute to U.S. President John F. Kennedy takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York City. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe‘s rendition of Happy Birthday.
May 19, 1971 – Mars probe program: Mars 2 is launched by the Soviet Union.
May 19, 1991 – Croatians vote for independence in a referendum.
May 19, 1997 – The Sierra Gorda Biosphere, the most ecologically diverse region in Mexico, is established as a result of grassroots efforts.
May 19, 2007 – President of Romania Traian Băsescu survives an impeachment referendum and returns to office from suspension.
May 19, 2010 – The Royal Thai Armed Forces concludes its crackdown on protests by forcing the surrender of United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship leaders.

MEMORABLE QUOTE:

“The one thing I do not want to be called is ‘First Lady.’ It sounds a lot like a saddle horse.” (Jacqueline Kennedy)

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